Coins are contemporary document in metal. Over the years, they have played important
role in the study, construction and re-construction of the history. Their remarkable
contribution is universally recognized. Coins were struck by rulers in exercise
of their royal prerogative. Many rulers, who were unknown to history, have been
noticed and studied by their coins.
Department of Archaeology and
Museums, Govt. of Rajasthan possesses a rich
collection of coins, ranging in date from 6th century BC to the mid 20th
Century. Earliest types of coins are of
punch marked variety. These are hammered silver pieces in irregular
shapes- circular, square or rectangular. They do not bear name of any ruler or date,
but only symbols. Scholars believe that they remained in circulation from 6th
century BC to about 2nd century AD and are found from all over the country.
Chronologically, Kushana rulers issued coins in their names.
Their collection has copper coins of
Kanishka. Next comes coins issued by
Gupta Emperors (320-455) Kach Gupta, Samudra Gupta, Chandragupta-II,
Skandgupta and of Kumargupta, these are in
silver and gold.
Gupta coins show portrait of the ruler and their lord, these are highly artistic and finished
in minute details.
Beside these the collection has a few Indo- Greek
and large number of
Indo-Sassanian coins in silver. The second millennium AD brings innumerable
variety of coins issued by Sultans of Delhi,
Mughal Emperors, Royal State of Rajasthan, East
India Company and the British crown.